What To Know About Antidepressants
If you've been diagnosed with clinical depression, your primary care physician has probably encouraged you to try out antidepressants. But if you've never taken psychiatric medication before, you might have some reservations. While antidepressants are not a cure for depression, they can definitely help to reduce symptoms. Are you curious about antidepressants? Here are seven things you should know before taking them:
1. Lots of antidepressants exist
The purpose of antidepressants is to balance brain chemicals called neurotransmitters -- the main ones that affect mood and emotion are serotonin, dopamine, and norepinephrine. Different kinds of antidepressants target these neurotransmitters in different ways. SSRIs, or selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors, are the most common type. They work by increasing serotonin in the brain, stabilizing moods, improving sleep, increasing concentration, and increasing appetite. Other antidepressants that exist are SNRIs and MAOIs
2. Different antidepressants have different side effects
Depending on the kind of antidepressant you're prescribed, you might notice different side effects. Most SSRIs have side effects such as drowsiness, nausea, dry mouth, insomnia, diarrhea, and headache. You might also notice a decrease in your libido. SNRIs might cause excessive sweating, and MAOIs interact negatively with certain foods and other medications. But remember that everyone acts differently to different medications, and you might notice these side effects are only temporary.
3. You might need to try out different antidepressants
Sometimes finding the right antidepressant for you is a matter of trial and error. It's not uncommon for psychiatrists to switch antidepressants or change the dosage until you find the right medication at the right dose that works for you.
4. Listen to your body
When starting any new medication, it's important to listen to your body. What side effects are you experiencing? How bad are they? How long do they last? This is all important information to relay to your doctor so that they can make necessary changes.
5. Don't stop your medications cold turkey
If you decide that antidepressants aren't for you, it's important that you don't quit your medications cold turkey. Instead, you should gradually taper your dosage under the guidance of your prescriber. Quitting your medications cold turkey can result in withdrawal symptoms such as nausea, dizziness, and insomnia.
6. Don't forget about therapy
When treating depression, taking antidepressants is only one piece of the puzzle. It's crucial to approach depression using a robust treatment plan. That's where therapy comes into play -- it can teach you the skills you need to better manage your mental health symptoms. You should find a therapist you can trust and who really listens to you. In many ways, finding the right therapist is like dating -- sometimes you have to meet a few until you've found the right match. The right therapist should be welcoming, nonjudgmental, and challenging in a good way.
7. Don't ever feel ashamed
No matter what, never feel ashamed about being on antidepressants. Most adults will face a mental health condition in their lives, and stigma prevents people from seeking out necessary treatment. Taking antidepressants is a huge step toward feeling better and improving your quality of life.
Turn that frown upside down
If you're suffering from depression, antidepressants can be a step in the right direction. But remember that finding the right antidepressant for you might take some time. Make sure to clearly communicate your symptoms and expectations with your doctor during this process. The goal is to reduce symptoms -- not cure them.